Map 2 : Location of Manu National Park
OBJECTIVES OF THE RESERVE MANU NATIONAL PARK
Biosphere Reserves are designed to protect representative areas of ecological importance all over the world. The objectives of UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere Program (MAB) include the protection of landscapes and nature, the sustainable use of natural resources, the promotion of scientific research and public awareness of environmental issues. It is intended that the Manu Biosphere Reserve (MBR) should serve to demonstrate how man can use natural resources in a sustainable manner.
ZONING OF THE RESERVEMANU NATIONALPARK
Three large areas or zones are considered in the MBR.
1. The Core Area
2. The Buffer Area
3. The Transition Area (influence area, cooperation area, etc.).
According to the Manu National Park’s Master plan (UNA-CEPID, 1986) within
these three areas it is possible to locate specific areas or area associations, based on the following roles of The Manu National Park
A natural intangible area for preserving resources on site.
An experimental area used for experimental work and for developing models for
the sustained use of resources.
An application area for the rehabilitation or recovery of defaced areas.
Traditional use areas (cultural zone) for maintaining and developing traditional
1) The Core Area of the Manu National Park :Given its characteristics Manu National Park can easily be qualified as the core ofthe MBR, for the following reasons: .
* Its natural wild state.
* It represents three different bio-geographical provinces – Puna, Yungas,
* It is physically capable of maintaining, u its ecological processes as a natural
sample of perpetuity. * There are relatively minor conflicts regarding the use of the land within and outside the area, with facilities for an effective protection.
* It is public property.
2) The Buffer Zone